USGS - science for a changing world

Minerals Information

  Home /  Commodity /  Country /  State /  Products /  Contacts / 

Copper
Statistics and Information

Publications Contacts Links Subscribe

Copper is usually found in nature in association with sulfur.  Pure copper metal is generally produced from a multistage process, beginning with the mining and concentrating of low-grade ores containing copper sulfide minerals, and followed by smelting and electrolytic refining to produce a pure copper cathode.  An increasing share of copper is produced from acid leaching of oxidized ores.  Copper is one of the oldest metals ever used and has been one of the important materials in the development of civilization.  Because of its properties, singularly or in combination, of high ductility, malleability, and thermal and electrical conductivity, and its resistance to corrosion, copper has become a major industrial metal, ranking third after iron and aluminum in terms of quantities consumed.  Electrical uses of copper, including power transmission and generation, building wiring, telecommunication, and electrical and electronic products, account for about three quarters of total copper use.  Building construction is the single largest market, followed by electronics and electronic products, transportation, industrial machinery, and consumer and general products.  Copper byproducts from manufacturing and obsolete copper products are readily recycled and contribute significantly to copper supply.

bullet Publications

If you are interested in receiving an email notice when a publication is added to this page, please refer to Minerals Information List Services.

Annual Publications

Mineral Commodity Summaries

Minerals Yearbook

Monthly Publications

Mineral Industry Surveys

Special Publications

bullet Contact

bullet Links

If needed, file viewers can be obtained through these links: Excel Viewer | PDF Reader | Word Viewer

 Mineral Resources Eastern /  Central /  Western /  Alaska /  Minerals Information
Crustal Geophysics and Geochemistry /  Spatial Data

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/copper/index.html
Page Maintained By: rcallaghan@usgs.gov
Page Last Modified: Thursday, 31-Jul-2014 08:27:26 EDT